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Games Design @ Hull School of Art and Design

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Film

Sound – Creative Futures – Sound/Music within Games and Films

What is Foley?

Foley first came around in the 1900’s as Jack Foley is known as the inventor of the Art of Foley with him being a pioneer for film sound effects. Foley requires great timing, patience and a great imagination as it is used to create sound effects in films using everyday items or you can even use items that other people wouldn’t imagine (that’s why you need to be imaginative). Foley is used in games and films; this post is going to be about how sound (including Foley) can effect the game/film atmosphere.

Foley in Films

Every film studio has a Foley department to create amazing and unique sound effects. Animated films or films that feature something that doesn’t exist in reality are usually more fun to create Foley for as trying to make your own sound effect for something that doesn’t exist seems like quite the challenge. Although with films getting more realistic with CGI (Computer Generated Images) the sounds have to be way more realistic. When you compare an old film to an new film you can tell the difference between the sound quality as over the years sound equipment and technology has improved dramatically.

Star Wars

Star Wars is great for Foley as nothing from this film actually exists really. Light sabers, alien technology, robots and anything in relation to space have all had sounds to be designed in a very unique way as these don’t exist so Ben Burtt (Sound Designer at Lucas Films) was very imaginative about the way in which to use everyday objects in films as a sound effect. At Lucas Film Studios there is a sound library with over 5000 sound effects from previous films just in case they need to be used again, some of these tapes have been there since 1975. Each sound designer is always looking out for sounds in their everyday life, their job is almost a part of their whole life.Most sounds from Star Wars are remastered to be more syfy/space sounding as an example they used a biplane as the sound for a spaceship and digitally edited that sound.

Wall.e

Most of this film is made of Foley and music, the main aim for this film was to have the characters communicate with the least amount of words as possible. Again the sounds were made by Ben Burtt and the film was a huge success. Each sound has so much emphasis and meaning so everything had to be done really well. To create the blast sound from eve’s gun Ben Burtt used a stretched slinky to create a sound that goes from a low frequency to a high frequency; I find it incredible that something so random can create such a unique noise.

Transformers Series

For the Transformers films many sounds were recreated using the actual object itself, for example to record military helicopters they recorded actual military helicopters and to record explosives they recorded explosives. The film had a lot of car noises and robotic noises so a lot was film outside with cars or inside garages.

Music in Films

I love the music from films as when a here a certain track from a film I will recognize it straight away. Most films have incredible film composers such as Danny Elfman, Hans Zimmer, Randy Newman and there are so many more. Most people buy film soundtracks because if you are a big fan of the film it is nice to listen to some of the great scores written by some of the great composers. Also the music advertises the film just as much as a logo because if you hear that theme tune on a television advertisement you instantly watch it just as much as if you see the logo you get all excited.

Beetlejuice

This is in my top ten of movie soundtracks. I love this music as it is so fast and catchy that it becomes a memorable soundtrack. Also I like the way in which the movie soundtrack and the TV Series soundtrack sounded quite similar but yet had their differences as the Television show was released in 1989 and the Film was released in 1988. When you visit Universal Studios in Florida, Orlando I like to listen to the music as the park subtly plays some of the greatest movie soundtracks and The BeetleJuice Soundtrack is one of them. (Link to Universal music is at the bottom of this blog post in the ‘Interesting Links and Videos’ Section).

Back to the Future

This is a song by Huey Lewis and the News used to introduce the character ‘Marty McFly’ to the film. Again it shows you what the town looks like, however it doesn’t have the opening credits on this section. I like this opening scene as it is a brief way of showing us what this character is like, what era the film is set in and what the town people look like. This is quite a popular film so again this song is now known as the song from Back to the Future rather than the song by Huey Lewis and the News.

Jurassic Park

When this film was released in 1993 it was an instant hit. The sound effects were great the CGI was amazing and the music is still phenomenal to this day. This theme tune is easily recognized as there is more than one film and each film uses this tune, even the most recent Jurassic World film used the theme tune but changed it slightly.

Ghostbusters

So everyone knows the words to this as it must be one of the most catchy film theme tunes ever. In fact I bet you are singing it in your head at this moment in time. However, they have just announced a GhostBusters 2 with a female cast (not many people are looking forward to it). With the first GhostBusters being released in 1984 the music was very ‘old school’ now seen as retro but the tune is still awesome and everyone likes it whereas now that GhostBusters 2 has kept the tune but altered it to suit this era of music and is now Dubstep (again not many people are happy with this).

Star Wars

This opening scene has been used in almost every Star Wars film to introduce the story via a scrolling title of words. Again another popular theme tune used in many ways, sometimes in shows and comedies as with the film being very popular.

Harry Potter

Through most popular films you will notice that the theme tune is consistent throughout, the Harry Potter music is the same throughout the whole series (with slight changes to some).

Films that are consistent throughout are usually really good films or easy to recognize as the tune is easy to remember and with it being in every movie of the series you can relate that sound to the logo and then it just becomes apparent. If I was to write the word ‘Film’ in the Harry Potter typeface you would instantly know that it was Harry Potter font; well it is the same with sound/music as you can recognize the tune without any images.

Interesting Links and Videos

Disney’s Brother Bear Foley Video

Disney Pixar’s Toy Story Foley Video

Transformers

Universal Studios Orlando Entrance Melody

To follow a link to a video to the users YouTube channel right click on the video, click on the video URL and then like and subscribe to these YouTubers.

Information Source from: http://www.mediacollege.com/employment/film/foley-artist.html

Games Design – Video

The Brief

The brief requires me to create a 3 minute film to be filmed by me and edited using the skills I have learnt in my video lessons. The brief is open meaning I have the choice to create a film based on anything, however, if I cannot think of any ideas I have the option to pick out an idea from the hat. The marking criteria states that I will be marked on my attendance to lessons as well as my attitude to learning, also I will be marked on how well I absorbed the skills within lessons and the theme/creativity of my final product. I intend to also fill out all forms of paperwork that prepare me for when I need to create a real video for a client.

Idea 1 – My first thoughts related to the use of advertisements. One of my main interests is Disney so I thought about creating a Disneybound advertisement. Disneybound is a type of casual dress as well as cosplay, using subtle hints with clothing items to represent something or someone Disney. Currently only the main Disney fans use Disneybound, however, I think creating an advertisement towards Disneybound would inform more Disney fans on inspirational outfits as well as making the cost for outfits cheaper and more creative for parents looking to dress their Disney obsessed children; rather than having to buy a really expensive cosplay dress/costume.

I would use a green screen for a Disney background so it would look like I’m advertising in the actual park at Walt Disney World. Using lots of different camera angles to show off all of the types of clothing I would focus on making the product look affordable and fun for all. The problems I would come across would be providing the clothing and finding a model. Camera angles and green screen would be no problem but finding the right clothes to fit people would be quite difficult.

Examples of Disneybound:

lilo001lilo002
Eugene001 Eugene002

Snow White001

Idea 2 – Moving on from the idea of Disneybound I thought I could maybe challenge myself a bit more by advertising Disney itself. Again using the green screen I would want to show people how amazing Disney World is. It would be good to advertise Disney and I was going to do this by bringing my little 8 year old cousin into University so that I could place her near the green screen and have different Disney backgrounds behind her. She would act happy, excited, mainly all the emotions a child would have at a magical place such as Walt Disney World.

The problems that may occur whilst filming this would include not being able to get my little cousin to come into University and act. However it is still a possibility that I can create this video just with an adult instead.disney

Idea 3 – I really like the idea of filming myself painting/drawing from different angles. Including music in the background and speeding up the video or slowing it down you can create a really nice video to evidence your artwork.

Here is where I got my inspiration from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OgOSMdsFVJg

I think that you have the ability to use many camera angles during this video and a wide variety of music you can choose from which would fit the video.

paint001 paint002 paint003

Idea 4 – Swaying away from the Disney ideas I decided to go to my next interest which is DC Universe. I really like DC comics and I have two friends that would be perfect actors in my video. One of my friends has a Batman costume and one has a Joker costume; using these costumes I would create a fight against the duo as Batman and Joker are always fighting. Problems may occur such as finding a time both friends can film, also if I used green screen I might only have a limited space for a fight scene so I might need to take the film outside as well using all of the popular architecture around Hull.

Batman vs Joker

Idea 5 – One idea that I would really like to try is re-creating videogames using my classmates as the characters. I think that it would be fun to do and I can use different methods of filming as well as camera angles. My only worry with this idea is copyright; providing the videos for the green screen and also music and sound effects may be copyright depending on where I get them from. I really like this idea as I have a wide range of games to choose from. So far I am thinking about using Fallout 4, The Sims, Epic Mickey and more.

Fallout 4 the simsepic mickey2

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