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Games Design @ Hull School of Art and Design

Month

April 2016

Creative Futures – Job Roles in Games Design and Entertainment Media

It is 2016 and the game industry is growing quickly, however more people are interested in joining now as the demand for games is now at large and more people are enjoying gaming as the graphics are incredibly realistic, the stories are so moving and games have more play time to complete.

“Women age 18 or older represent a significantly greater portion of the game-playing population (33%)” – http://www.grabstats.com/statcategorymain.aspx?StatCatID=13

Whilst watching the Batman: Arkham City Credits I noted some of the many job roles in the gaming and media industry, here is the list below:

  • Creator
  • Developer (Company Name e.g. Rocksteady, Rockstar, 2K Games, Blizzard etc.)
  • Director (Game, Studio, Art, Audio, Technical etc.)
  • Producer (Senior, Art, Associate etc.)
  • Animator (Lead, Motion Capture, Technical etc.)
  • Environment Artist
  • Concept Artist
  • Front-end Artist
  • Asset Artist
  • Lighting Artist
  • Technical Artist
  • Special Effects
  • Audio Programmer
  • Sound Designer
  • Character Artist
  • Cinematics Director
  • Cinematics Animator (Technical)
  • Level Designer
  • Narrative Designer
  • Designers
  • Marketing Game Manager
  • Community Manager
  • AI Programmer
  • Engine Programmer
  • Player Programmer
  • I.T Director
  • Desktop & OPS Support Specialist
  • Finance Manager
  • Office Manager
  • Human Resource Manager
  • Office Assistant & Receptionist
  • Production Assistant
  • Lead Quality Assurance
  • Quality Assurance Tester (Analyst)
  • Outsource Partners
  • Engine Programmer
  • Character Concept
  • Special Thanks
  • Company Babies
  • Art Team
  • Developer Relations & Management
  • Production
  • Certification
  • Development
  • Coordinator
  • Usability Manager
  • First Party Operations
  • Talent Relations
  • PR Representatives
  • PR Manager
  • Country Sales
  • Trade Marketing
  • Sales Planning & Analysis
  • Distribution
  • Deputy General Counsel
  • Worldwide Operations
  • Regional Office
  • Sound Designer
  • ADR Mixer
  • Sound Editor
  • Foley Artists
  • Story Writers
  • Voice Over Actors
  • Sound Engineer
  • Dialogue
  • Composition
  • Music Orchestration & Conductor
  • Music Preparation
  • Score Coordinator
  • Cut Scene Re-recording Mixer
  • Creative (Officer, Interactive, Associate)
  • President
  • Publishers
  • Business Devlopment
  • Business and Legal Affairs
  • Franchise Management
  • and many more…………………………

Source Information: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NpAkzZt8PmM

 

Creative Futures – Project B – Character Diversity – Bibliography

Ole Kirk Christiansen 001

Ole Kirk Christiansen

Lego Store 011

Remodeled Lego store at Downtown Disney reopens – Photos and Video

Lego 002

https://www.disneysprings.com/shops/the-lego-store/

Lego 003

http://lego.wikia.com/wiki/Minifigure

Lego 004

LEGO Indiana Jones: The Original Adventures

Lego 005

http://www.lego.com/en-us/movie/explore/downloads/posters/tlm

Polly Pocket 001

http://www.ebay.co.uk/bhp/polly-pocket-magnetic

Mr Potato Head Information 011

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mr._Potato_Head

Mr Potato Head 001

http://www.pinterest.com/nancopanda/giggle/

Mr Potato Head 002

http://disney.wikia.com/

Fallout 4 001

Dog Bed for Dogmeat

Fallout 4 002

http://www.usgamer.net/articles/fallout-4-character-customization-guide

Fallout 4 003

Little Big Planet 001

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LittleBigPlanet_Karting

Fable 001

http://moviepilot.com/posts/2928696

Fable 002

Fable 003

Legible Bodies in Fable II

Fable 004

http://invisioncommunity.co.uk/review/fable-3-review/

Fable 005

http://www.giantbomb.com/reviews/fable-iii-review/1900-331/

 

 

Creative Futures – Project B – Character Diversity

The Brief

Our brief requires us to learn about character customization and it encourages us to create multiple items that can maybe be worn by different characters or change the way in which a character may look. A quick example would be a Lego figure; a Lego figure has lots of little pieces that can all fit into other pieces to create a wide range of characters. I believe Lego is a great way to expand the imagination and creativity of any age. The brief would like us to consider elements the character may feature (think of 20-25 ideas). Using one of the game world examples from the list we are to create a character with multiple elements that relate to that scene.

Research

Lego

In 1932 Ole Kirk Christiansen founded the Lego company, when he passed away the company was then left to his sons. I found it quite interesting that the word Lego came from a Latin term (Leg Godt) meaning ‘Play Well’. He created Lego to inspire children to become more imaginative and now it has even progressed to inspire adults.

Ole Kirk Christiansen 001.jpg

Image above: Ole Kirk Christiansen

Lego 001.jpg

Image above: a Lego structure in front of a Lego Store in Disney

Lego 002.jpg

Image above: a Lego structure in front of a Lego Store in Disney

Lego 003.jpg

Image above: The separate parts of a Lego Figure

Lego 004

Image Above: Lego Indiana Jones Game

Lego 005.jpg

Image Above: Lego Movie Poster

Polly Pockets

Chris Wiggs created these little dolls named Polly Pockets for little girls who wanted a doll that they could take with them everywhere (hence the name ‘Polly Pockets’). The first editions of these dolls included clothes made of a rubber meterial that would slip onto the dolls (sometimes proving difficult as the rubber would sometimes snap or putting the outfit on correctly would be quite difficult for a child). Later on the company released a character that had short hair and a body with a thin layer of clothing so that the child could pick out their own outfit or hairstyle and place them on the doll using magnets. Magnets inside the doll would hole the items of clothing and hair. I like this idea, however one problem would occur to be losing little objects as magnets are not always strong.

Polly Pocket 001.jpg

Image above: Magnetic Polly Pocket. (Each set of clothes feature a back and front).

Mr. and Mrs. Potato Head

The inventor of Mr Potato Head, George Lerner, first created him in 1949 and his amazing toy is still very popular today. Even though the toy now looks nothing like the very first product, George Lerners product still goes on in the Disney industry. The Mr. Potato Heads were not at first popular but then as soon as the first Toy Story film was released in 1995 Mr. Potato head was a well loved character, known for his humor and his angry ways.

Mr Potato Head 001.jpg

Above Image: Hamm and Mr. Potato Head film reference from Toy Story

Mr Potato Head 002.jpg

Above Image: Mr. and Mrs. Potato Head from the Toy Story Film Series

Character Customization Within Games

Fallout 4

With the recent release of Fallout 4 most people admitted to spending more than an hour just customizing their characters. Giving you the option to create both character as they both feature at the start of the game (one female and one male) the player is already spending more time as there are two characters to customize. Also the game is incredibly accurate with facial features going into details such as the length or size of eyebrows and even forehead height, chin length etc. Even once the character has been customized you can still add up more hours of customization by altering your character via surgery, getting a haircut and you can even customize your Power Armor (Powerful armor suit used within the game). You don’t have a choice in clothes at the start of the game but you find a lot of clothes throughout the game.

Clothes within the games can alter the way your character looks but also you have to consider how much damage an enemy can do when wearing those items of clothing/armor. Incredibly the game expands its character customization further as you can dress your companions and anyone that you can trade with.  An example of this would be Dogmeat; you can find special Dog clothing for him such as caged armor, Dog collars and even a stylish looking Bandanna to make him look extra tough.

Dogmeat 001.jpg

Fallout 4 001.jpg

Fallout 4 fans have even gone far enough to create their favourite celebrities as seen below:

 

Little Big Planet

In Little Big Planet you play as a stuffed toy called Sackboy. You don’t actual change the features of the character but you change the outfit. There is a various amount of outfits to keep the player interested. Also you can unlock some of the costumes making the player want to play the game even more.

Little Big Planet 001Little Big Planet 002

Fable Game Series

The Fable Game Series has changed a lot over the years. The first game allowed the player to watch the character grow up from a child to an adult the more the player played the game (which also happens in Fable 2). Fable 2, however, allows the player to choose the gender and also gain weight. When your health drains you can either use potions or food; depending on how you play the game and how much food you consume can alter the weight of your character. Different foods add a different amount of weight for example cheese will add more fat compared to fruit. Last but not least in the final game Fable 3 you can choose gender, customize clothes (using dyes you can change the colour), customize hair and also add tattoos. The only things you cannot alter/adjust in a Fable game would be the looks and appearance of the face because Fable also gives you the choice throughout the game to be good or evil. The more evil you become the more of a red essence will appear in your skin with good there will be blue; the face changes slightly also as when evil you have a mischievous look whereas when good you always look happy.

Fable 001Fable 003Fable 002Fable 004Fable 005

 

Creative Futures – Project A – Character Diversity – Bibliography

Glen Keane – Beast Transformation 001

Tarzan and Kerchak Image 001

Tarzan as a child image 002

Tarzan Muscles Image 003

http://friiya.tumblr.com/post/22655664292/sorry-for-all-the-tarzan-spam-thats-happening

Tarzan Shout Image 004

The Iron Giant 001

http://www.ultimateirongiant.com/prodart/prodart.php

Pete Docter 001

http://www.denofgeek.us/movies/pete-docter/248571/how-pete-docter-s-student-films-anticipate-his-pixar-work

Pete Docter 002

http://pixarcorner.blogspot.co.uk/2014/07/new-details-on-inside-out-pixar.html

Pete Docter 003

http://moviepilot.com/posts/3315000

Lara Croft 001

http://www.deviantart.com/morelikethis/506858896

Lara Croft 002

http://tombraider.wikia.com/wiki/Lara_Croft

Nathan Drake Information 001

http://comicvine.gamespot.com/nathan-drake/4005-80433/

Nathan Drake 001

http://kwizoo.com/uncharted-wallpaper.aspx

Juliet 001

https://skullsproject.wordpress.com/tag/lollipop-chainsaw/

Juliet 002

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/sexy-lollipop-chainsaw-outfits-juliet-starling-339643

Zangief 001

http://www.pinterest.com/scarrill0/zangief/

Cortana 001

Cortana from the Halo Series – Game Art and Cosplay Gallery

Quiet 001

http://www.forbes.com/forbes/welcome/

Axel 001

http://anita255.deviantart.com/art/Axel-Wallpaper-179445495

Big Daddy 001

http://www.pinterest.com/pin/122723158568630125/

Hulk 001

http://www.incrediblehulk.me/category/video-games/

Creative Futures – Project A – Character Diversity

The Brief

The requirements for Project A, Part 1 asks for research into the human anatomy whilst being quite simplistic with drawing as it only asks for line drawings/quick sketches. Statement from the brief: “You should develop your character to at least explore body types (endomorphic, mesomorphic and ectomorphic), gender, age (from child to adult), cultural diversity and even character style (cartoon, ¾ top down, 3D AAA, 8-bit, side-scrolling sprites etc).” This statement is very clear and gives us many ideas and also we can add our own art styles as well as looking into other artists work. For example looking into Pixar Studios work as their characters per film have so much variety of body shapes and styles depending on the artist.

Research

Artists

Glen Keane – Tangled, Beauty and the Beast, The Little Mermaid, Tarzan, Pocahontas.

I really like Glen Keane’s work because he has many body types to think of which coordinate towards the personalities. As an example Beauty and the Beast has objects that talk throughout the whole film and at the very end of the film when each object transforms back to a human they still resemble certain characteristics from when they where an object. A big transformation would be the Beast transforming to a human.

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With most of his work, Keane has to consider different body shapes because of the type of film and the character type/personality. With films such as ‘Tarzan’ and ‘Pocahontas’ he has to consider the shape of the main characters body as their culture can alter their appearance. In the film ‘Tarzan’ the main character lives among Gorillas and grows up with them, therefore he walks like a Gorilla on all fours. Also with Gorillas being quite dominant and they stand with pride he has hunched shoulders and muscles due to his fitness and Gorilla like abilities.

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All of these images have different ways of showing Tarzan.

  1. As a child.
  2. Comparison between Tarzan and Gorilla Body Form.
  3. Tarzan shouting, quite strong and scary.
  4. The muscle structure.

Brad Bird – The Iron Giant

Brad Bird has worked with many people, however he currently works at Disney as a Director, Screen Writer and Artist. When he worked on the film ‘The Iron Giant’ I found his art work amazing because he drew so many different characters to add personality and to add to the story line. He shows a great variation in artwork as he draws the characters together to show the characters height as well as giving some of the characters certain characteristics to add to their personality. Some characters you can judge just by looking at them.

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The artwork above shows:

  1. Character Hogarth.
  2. Hogarth in big coat.
  3. Hogarth being intimidated.
  4. Character Forms.

As you can see Hogarth and his mother have quite soft/round faces; showing quite a delicate side to them whereas the more intimidating and angry characters such as Kent and Dean have sharp/square-like chins and shoulders. Also I like the little features that are added to characters such as Hogarth has big ears and a skinny body (quite child-like) whereas Dean has a well styled beard and wears a turtle neck shirt to express his artist style.

Pete Docter – Monsters Inc., Up

Pete Docter’s art style is very simple yet effective. He uses basic shapes to create a basic character outline. His very famous sketch of Mike and Sully from Monsters Inc. is one of the most simple drawings he has done but using his basic shapes you can tell how the character is developed to the final piece. The same with the artwork from Up; Docter used squares to create Carl Frederickson and in the final film his head was still square.I think that many of Pete Docter’s characters represent their personality.

Monsters Inc. Sully – Big (Scary), Broad Shoulders (Tough), Fur and Light Colours (Soft Side).

Monsters Inc. Mike – Round (Harmless), Horns (toughness), Thin arms and legs (Weak).

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Research Within  Games

The Vin Diesel Effect 

In one of my Games Design Lessons Paul Starkey (Games Design Tutor/Teacher) talked to us about character designs within games. He spoke to us about the way in which games will always have a strong tough character to represent a male and a very slim shaped character style to represent the women. Games can be quite stereotypical, some games more obvious than others. Many discuss the nature of the well-known Tomb Raider known as Lara Croft as over the years she has changed in each game.

Lara Croft – Tomb Raider

LaraCroft 001Lara Croft 002

As you can see from the images above Lara has had many changes from the details in her face, to the shape of her body and some of that is a problem that relates to the when the game was made due to computer programs that the company use and the low quality in graphics. The first Tomb Raider character was made in 1996 and the graphics had a very low poly count whereas now in the 2015 game she almost looks real.

NathanDrake 001.jpg

Nathan Drake – Uncharted Game Series

Nathan Drake’s first appearance was in the very first Uncharted game named ‘Uncharted: Drake’s Fortune’. Many people share an interest of a common debate between Lara Croft and Nathan Drake. The two characters are quite similar as they both look for famous artifacts, are very adventurous characters but the main issue is the way in which these characters are presented on screen.

People think that because of the way the characters have the ‘ideal/perfect’ body and the way in which the camera lets us see a full view of the body is a wrong move because it can upset people as they want to look like that and can be quite negative. Although some believe that’s a good thing because a game is supposed to let us be a different person (rather than being ourself) so that we can escape the reality in which we may be having trouble with. The only issue I have is the way in which the camera usually follows the characters behind; in Lara Crofts games the camera is centered all the time to be focused on her behind when either climbing a ledge or even moving the camera yourself.

Juliet 001.jpg

Juliet 002

Juliet – Lollipop Chainsaw

I had to use this character as an example as she is highly made to look very sexual. This character wears incredibly short skirts, has the typical, stereotype cheerleader body and she also makes sexual references throughout the game. There is a feature within this game that makes her look even more sexual; this feature is a wardrobe, you can choose her clothes. Her outfit styles are mostly all the same (apart from the bunny mascot costume) as you can see from the images above. To make matters worse some people even cosplay as Juliet so this can have an impact on others making them feel bad about the way they look.

Quick Examples of Character Diversity within Games

Zangief – Street Fighter

Zangief 001

Cortana – Halo Game Series

Cortana 001.jpg

Quiet – Metal Gear Solid

Quiet 001.jpg

Axel – Final Fantasy/Kingdom Hearts

Axel 001

Big Daddy – Bioshock

Big Daddy 001.jpg

The Hulk – The Hulk Game

Hulk 001.jpg

 

 

 

 

Creative Futures – Digital Colour Workshop/Chiaroscuro Art/Synthesis of Non-Contemporary Influences

Chiaroscuro Art

Chiaroscuro is the use of light and dark contrast in art. This artwork originated between the 14th and 17th century by the use of many famous artists such as  Leonardo da Vinci and Caravaggio. We are required to experiment with this art style with the use of modern technology through Photoshop/Illustrator.

Using the Dodge and Burn tool we can create light and dark. Below are examples of Chiaroscuro Artwork.

Chiaroscuro.jpg

The Young Singer by Georges de la Tour

http://emptyeasel.com/2007/07/20/chiaroscuro-in-painting-the-power-of-light-and-dark/

girl_with_a_pearl_earring_300px.jpg

Girl with the Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer

http://emptyeasel.com/2007/07/20/chiaroscuro-in-painting-the-power-of-light-and-dark/

Traditional vs Non-Traditional

Work by Craig Mullins

Traditional

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Non -Traditional

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Source Site: http://www.goodbrush.com/

Below are my art styles using the outlines of various artist work.

Octopus

Tentacle – Sketch by Gareth Sleightholme, my use of colour.

https://apopheniainc.wordpress.com/

I really like the way in which I used the dodge and burn tool in this as there is quite a contrast between the light and dark compared to some of my other colourings. Also with this I like the type of brush I used for the purple as it makes for a nice smooth colour blend edge.

The Grinch Colour

The Grinch – Sketch/Autograph by The Grinch Character at Universal Studios, colour by me.

https://www.universalorlando.co.uk/

This image on the other hand is very cartoon-like as to match the cartoon style of the drawing I made sure that I used bright and contrasting colours. I only used the dodge and burn tool on the grinch as I wanted him to stand out from the text.

Robot

Sketch by Gareth Sleightholme again, colour by me.

I used blue on this robot because in many films/games/tv shows blue usually represents metal (sometimes a very light blue, almost grey). I used the dodge tool a lot because I wanted the robot to look like it was made out of metal. Using the dodge tool helped me to create a shiny feature to the robot and also show the direction of the light (from the image you can see the light appears from the top left of the screen).

 

Creative Futures – Trident

About Trident

Trident is a global company that manages the many famous brands we see on a daily basis; Trident works with brands such as Unilever, Coca Cola, McDonalds, P&G, H&S and many more. The company has 22 locations worldwide including Toronto, Austraillia and even China.  The list below shows what services Trident provides for its customers and what each service can do:

  • Artwork Management – Creating, editing and manipulating designs. Most of the brand products need changing slightly as the weight or contents of the product may need changing for various products as well as the colour and most importantly the language.
  • Print and Colour – This department is very efficient as Trident like to make the final designs with amazing quality but also  taking into consideration the cost and consistancy of the print. Fact: Trident have over 2,000 printers around the world.
  • Quality Control – Checking over most of the work and having an understanding of what the file size should be, printing properties, quality of the artwork etc.
  • Zen – Online Workflow Management – Brand artwork and workflow management system ‘Zen’ is a part of the Trident Community. This sector improves the consistency and speed of the workflow within the marketing, quality of the products and work accuracy/quality. Trident and Zen work together to support all of the clients needs and make customers happy.
  • Sm.artcheck – Automated Artwork Checking – With Zen controlling the pace of workflow the Sm.artcheck checks the data containing font sizes, colours and positioning is applied correctly with no errors. Ensuring that nothing can go wrong and ruin any of the final product designs.
  • Sm.artwork – Future-Proof Artwork for Packaging and Ecommerce – A very innovated department looking towards the future to create even more products using a more creative technique. 3D and 4D techniques have been considered and Trident even have the opportunity to research augmented reality for advertising.
  • Brand Protection – Protecting the brands for the customers so that all work is original and not being used anywhere else (unless asked by customer). It is very important to consider brand protection for the customers as they know that they can put there work into the right hands.
  • Sm.artpack – Packaging Sample Creation – This sector gives clients the opportunity to preview their product. The client has the choice to look at the product from different perspectives using 3d digital imagery and spinning movies. This allows the client to have an early prototype for any other work they made require their product for.
  • Tooling – Rotogravure – A very unique printing system used to create some of the most amazing products using the methods of rotogravure and flexographic printing. Trident mainly supplies products to the printers in the United States, Canada and Mexico.
  • Tooling – Flexo – Produces plate material for printers in North America.

Tech Nation have a partnership wit Trident, providing them with great technology.

Below is some of the work produced by Trident.

Video Source: http://www.sonoco-trident.com/en-us/Innovation

Information Source: http://www.sonoco-trident.com/en-us/

Visit Link above for information on Trident.

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